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Full text of "Flora Indica Vol-I"

204                                   FLORA INDICA.                 [Menispermacea.

its resemblance to a plant found by ourselves in the Khaskt hills, in fruit only. This
we have described below, aa a second species.

Mr. Miers considers that the peculiar structure of the filaments of Flbraurea is
due to their being enveloped by, and consolidated, as it were, into one mass with the
petals. We have sought iti vain, however, for any evidence of the accuracy of this
view, in the structure of tfltt filament or the mode of insertion of the anther, and
are therefore disposed to regard the flowers as truly apctalous.

According to Lonreiro, thie wood of this genus yields a yellow dye, which is-per-
raanent, but not bright; it ^s also used as a dye in Borneo, according to Mottley.

In Fibraurea, iinctoria tne wood is firm, shrinks very little, and the steins remain
cylindrical when dry. Barfs formed of several layers of papery epidermis, beneath
which is a dense zone of closely packed, transparent, woody cubical cells, with very
small cavities. The wood-wne is formed of about twenty narrow wedges, separated
by narrow medullary rays: the latter consist of a very dense cellular tissue of thick
woody cells, that form a complete indurated mass surrounding the pith and wood,
and appear to be confluent with the liber, but are not so. The liber-bundles are
isolated, small, and placed ra contact with the cambium-layers. The pifk is loose
afid spongy in the centre, becoming firmer, denser, and woody towards the medullary
rays.

1. P. Iinctoria (Lour. Fl. CocL Chin. ed. Willd. 769); foliis ova-
libus ovatis vel oblongis obtuse acurainatis coriaceis, floribus panicu-
latis.—Cocculus Fibraurea,..D£ Syst. i. 525, Prod. i. 99.

HAB. In Malaya ad Penang, Phi&lip*! et Malacca, Griffith!—(v.a.)
DISTBTB, CocMn China, Loutejro; Borneo, MoUleyl

Frufes alte scandens, glab^rrimos, cortice cinereo vel albino lagca rngoso, ramuloram
nitido sobvelutino. Folia 4-7 poll longa, 2-4 lata, petiolo li-3-poHicsri striato
subangulato, utrinque glaberHma, supra lucida, subtas pallida, crasse coriacea, basi
tripUnervia, margfinibus in sicco subreflexis. Panicula axiUares, a basi ramosce, ra-
mosiBaimse, mulfiflorcp, foliis breviores vel longiores. 'Alabastri globosi. Floret
(fide Lonreiro alU) bracteolis 2 minutis calyci adpressis stipati. " Sepala gkbra,
dorso puberola, carnosnK loargiDe tenaj». Paw&da, fructifera elougata, in
aedalis, pedunculis strictis lignoeu t-l-poUiciirjbuB. Dnuus pollicares, ex

fere pedalifl, pedunculis stricti* lignoeu J-l-poHiciiribuB.   -ZbiQu? pollicares, ex '.
reiro flavee.
In the Benthamian. Herbarium a tew detached drupes accompany a 'specimen from
Malacca, but they are empty. The specimens before us are considered by Mr. Miers
to belong to three species, all different from that of Loureiro. We Ttave, on the con-
trary, no doubt-that all belong to one, and we think that Loureiro's description agrees
•well toongh with the specimens to na^kje it probable' that they are the same. The
specimen in the British Museum from! that author 3* very imperfect, and scarcely
oieteritninable; it has neither flower nor jfruit,
2, P.? Hsematocarpa (Hjf. et T:); foliis oblongis obtuse acu-
minatis crasse corkceis margine recurvis, pedunculis fructus axillaribus
abbreviatis, drupis obovato-oblongis atro-purDureis stipitatis.
HAB, In montibus KHasia!—J&jPkJu  -
Frutex natoAnntf cortice cinereo vel paUido atriatnlo. Folia (in epecimine soliturio)
3 poll, longa, Ififcte, ^etfefe cylindrico ^racili ^-poUicari, pallide viridia, subtus al-
bida, basi triplineryia, cat«rnm penninervia, nervis basilaribus ad apiccmfuaqucei-
tensis et cum lateralibus arena formantibis. Ijiacemi fmctna 1-3-pollioares, vestigia
1-5 flornm gerentes. Torus fructut globosus, cicatricibus xnagnis 4*6 notatoa.
D^tk».totidem, pedicello crasso f-polBoari ttipitatse, obovato-oblongte, nirinqne xo*
' iuBdatas, leaves, parum obBquso, sty^i ^cafincei basflari notatae, 1^-2 poll. long».
tiptftocarpium e stratis 2 compoaitam/jeztari^ dense caraaaum, sangnineunr, inte-
Tins fibrosum pellidius, fibrillis e pittamine ortis. Puiamen tenne, cru»tAce.nm, bicrure,